Download all of the IM Specific Research in this booklet or select the indivudual papers to download below.
Download a full list of IM Research References.
Download The Science behind Interactive Metronome.
|2013||Neuropsychology||Effects of Interactive Metronome Therapy on Cognitive Functioning After Blast-Related Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Pilot TrialPreliminary findings of a randomized, controlled study concerning the efficacy of IM for remediation of cognitive deficits in active duty soldiers following blast-related mild-to-moderate TBI. Compared outcomes of standard rehabilitation care alone (OT, PT, SLP) to the same standard rehabilitation care + 15 IM treatment sessions. The group that received IM in addition to standard care outperformed the group who received standard rehabilitation care alone on several neuropsychological measures with medium to large effect sizes. Future publications based upon this study will reveal the results of 6 month follow-up testing (still in process) and analysis of electrocortical (EEG) data. Download PDF||Lonnie A. Nelson, Margaret MacDonald, Christina Stall, and Renee Pazdan|
|2013||White paper presented at national AOTA conference 2013||A Collective Review of Completed Research Projects Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Interactive Metronome as an Occupational Therapy InterventionThe purpose of this project was to compile the different pilot studies that have been conducted of the last 5 years in regard to using the Interactive Metronome and identify the strengths and weakness of the outcomes and feasibility of using the Interactive Metronome as a viable treatment modality in the clinic.
||Leonard G Trujillo, OTR/L, FAOTA|
|2012||Communication Disorders Quarterly||Reading Intervention Using Interactive Metronome in Children with Language and Reading Impairment: A Preliminary InvestigationThis study shows that after only 4 hours of IM training, larger gains were made in most areas of reading achievement over the control group. In a 4 week time period, the IM group did 15 minutes of training before a traditional reading intervention while the control group just did the traditional reading intervention. The improvements over the control group are listed below.
||Michaela Ritter, Karen A. Colson, and Jungjun Park|
|2011||American Journal of Occupational Therapy||Computer-Based Rhythm and Timing Training in Severe, Stroke-Induced Arm HemiparesisThis study of two stroke patients with hemipareis shows remarkable functional gains made using IM years after the patients suffered their strokes.Download PDF||SarahC. Beckelhimer, Ann E. Dalton, Charissa A. Richter, Valerie Hermann, and Stephen J. Page|
|2011||International Journal on Disability and Human Development||Effects of motor sequence training on attentional performance in ADHD childrenThis study addresses the lack of motor coordination in ADHD children and suggests that going through IM training would have a significant effect on improving focus in ADHD children.Download PDF||Gerry Leisman and Robert Melillo|
|2009||Journal of Sports Science and Medicine||Improved motor-timing: effects of synchronized metronome training on golf shot accuracyThis European study is an independent recreation of earlier IM research studying golfers. This new study showed the same results: working with IM’s timing exercises improves golfers’ control of their swing and improves shot accuracy.Download PDF||Marius Sommerand Louise Rönnqvist|
|2008||Contemporary Issues In Communication Science and Disorders||A Preliminary Study of the Effects of Interactive Metronome Training on the Language Skills of an Adolescent Female With a Language Learning DisorderThis published study demonstrated the effect of IM training on expressive and receptive language skills in an adolescent female with a language learning disorder (LLD). The authors suggest that IM training may be a useful tool in the treatment of communication disorders for a wide range of clinical conditions.Download PDF||Jessica J. Sabado and Donald R. Fuller|
|2007||Psychology in the Schools||Improvements in interval time tracking and effects on reading achievementA study published in the journal Psychology in Schools showed that children completing a training program with Interactive Metronome achieved accelerated reading outcomes. A gain of 7 – 20% in reading achievement was shown in the 49 children whose reading and pre-reading skills were pre and post-tested.Download PDF||Gordon E Taub, Kevin McGrew, and Timothy Z Keith|
|2006||White Paper||The Effect of Interactive Metronome Training on Children’s SCAN-C ScoresThis pilot study by Joel Etra, PhD, SLP measured the effects of IM on children diagnosed with Central Auditory Processing Disorder. It showed that IM statistically significantly improved 4 areas of auditory processing in all the children tested. The largest increases occurred in dichotic listening, a measure of selective attention.Download PDF||Joel L. Etra|
|2005||Physiotherapy Theory and Practice||Interactive Metronome1 training for a 9-year-old boy with attention and motor coordination difficultiesThis case study shows IM’s training results for a 9-year-old boy with attention and motor coordination difficulties being treated by physical therapists.Download PDF||Melinda L. Bartscherer, PT, MS and Robin L. Dole, PT, EdD, PCS|
|2004||White paper presented at national PM&R conference 2004||The role of functional MRI in defining auditory-motor processing networksA summary of a study using fMRI in defining the organs of the brain activated in repetitive auditory-motor training and the potential of IM to make improvements in those areas.Download PDF||Dr. Neal Alpiner: MD|
|2004||White paper presented at national ASHA conference 2004||Improving Motor Planning and Sequencing to Improve Outcomes in Speech and Language TherapyDr LorRaine Jones, a Speech-Language Pathologist helps explain the connection between IM’s timing exercises and improvements in speech and language therapy.Download PDF||LorRainne Jones, M.A.,CCC-SLP, Ph.D.|
|2003||White paper||A study of 13 patients measured across a broad spectrum of function shows that gains made with IM are still present 6 months after therapy was completed.Download PDF||Lee E. Jacokes, Ph.D.|
|2003||White paper||Processing speed and motor planning: the scientific background to the skills trained by Interactive Metronome® technologyA white paper by psychologist Dr. Susan Diamond explaining the scientific background to the benefits seen by using IM.Download PDF||Susan J. Diamond, Ph.D.|
|2003||White paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association of Elementary School Principals||Learning Problems and the Left BehindThis study of 40 4th and 5th grade “at risk” children showed dramatic gains in reading and math fluency in only 4 weeks. 40 similar students in the control group showed no improvement at all.Download PDF||Dr. Cindy Cason, Ph.D.|
|2003||White paper||Interactive metronome- Underlying neurocognitive correlates of effectivenessA white paper by psychologist Dr Patrick Gorman explaining the underlying neuro-cognitive mechanisms of IM training.Download PDF||Dr. Patrick Gorman|
|2002||The Journal of General Psychology||Training in timing improves accuracy in golfThis published study demonstrates a connection between IM’s timing exercises and improvements in complex movements as seen in dramatic improvements in golf shot accuracy.Download PDF||Terry M Libkuman and Hajime Otani|
|2002||High/Scope Press||Timing in child developmentA study of 585 children found significant correlations between the students’ mental timing as measured by IM and their academic performance in reading, math, language, science, social studies and personal study skills. This study shows that brain timing plays a foundational role in a child’s academic performance.Download PDF||Kristyn Kuhlman and Lawrence Schweinhart|
|2001||American Journal of Occupational Therapy||Theoretical and Clinical Perspectives on the Interactive Metronome: A View From Occupational Therapy PracticeThis published white paper includes the perspective of six Occupational Therapists describing IM’s usefulness in addressing school, home and social relationship problems in children.Download PDF||Jane Koomar, Jeannetta D Burpee, Valerie DeJean, Sheila Frick, Mary J Kawar and Deborah Murphy Fischer|
|2001||American Journal of Occupational Therapy||Effect of Interactive Metronome Training on Children with ADHDA study of 56 pre-teen boys diagnosed with ADHD found that those using IM showed statistically significant improvement in attention and concentration, motor coordination, language processing, reading and math fluency and the ability to control impulsivity.Download PDF||Robert J Shaffer, Lee E. Jacokes, James F Cassiy, Stanley I Greenspan, Robert F Tuchman and Paul J Stemmer, Jr.|